IELTS – Writing Part 1: Two charts

Here’s a series of IELTS Academic Writing Part 1 exercises with some explanations of why / how and practice in referencing. Please find a downloadable copy at the bottom of this page. If I have helped you with these ideas and resources, please share them.

 

You can also find an IELTS academic reading lesson about robotics here:

https://englishlexically.wordpress.com/2015/11/13/academic-english-ielts-toefl-lesson-robotics/

 

 

Size of the global robotics market 2000-2025 (billions of dollars)

ielts robots 1

Size of global robotics market by sector 2000-2025 (billions of dollars)

Sector 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025
Personal 0 1 2 4 7 9
Commercial 1 2 3 4 10 16
Industrial 4 5 5 11 16 26
Military 2 3 4 5 10 15

 

  1. Look at the data above, how are the graphs connected?

 

  1. What are the key features that you could talk about?

 

  1. What is /are the general/overall trends?

 

 

 

  1. Write a small paragraph plan of how you would organise your summary.

 

Now look at the sample answer. Highlight on the graph the features that are mentioned in the text.

Look at how the paragraphs are organised. Is it similar to your ideas?

 

 

Sample Answer:

 

The given data depict the growth of the world robotics market in billions of dollars from the period 2000 to 2015 and how it is predicted to continue to the year 2025. The data also provides us with a breakdown of figures by sector, such as commercial and industrial, in billions of dollars.

 

From the bar chart that it is possible to see that the market has become much bigger since 2000, more than trebling in size to stand at around $28 billion in 2015. This growth however, is predicted to be exceeded in the future. It is forecast that the market will increase by just under 50% its size every five years, reaching a peak of $68 billion for the period.

 

The table shows how the market is broken down by sector. The most striking thing about this is the fact that the industrial sector has always been the largest sector in terms of value, with $4 billion in 2000 and $11 billion in 2015. This trend is set to continue into 2025, when the value of the market will reach $46 billion, making the industrial sector not only the largest sector in each time period, but also the sector with the most growth, standing at $22 billion. Despite being the second biggest sector in the time between 2000 and 2015, with $2 billion and $5 billion respectively, it is the commercial sector that is expected to exceed these numbers by 2025, reaching $16 billion, $1 billion more than the industrial sector. The personal sector was, is, and is expected to be the smallest market throughout the period having a size of $0 in 2000 and $9 in 2025.

 

To sum up, it can be seen that the growth of the global robotics market has hastened over the last 15 years and is predicted to grow even further over the period, while the industrial sector is forecasted to make up the largest part, and the personal sector making up the smallest part of this growth.

 

 

Writer’s note – Text organisation

 

There are two ways I could have organised the information in this summary. The first is how I did it above – describing the graph and then the table. The second could have been organised like this:

 

  • Introduction
  • 2000-2015
  • 2015 – 2025
  • Summary statement

 

There is no correct way to do this, both are fine. However, you must make sure that your summary contains comparisons and contrasts of the data, if you don’t, you won’t be answering the question. Personally, I prefer the second plan to the one used in the essay. Take another look at the sample answer and find the comparisons I have made. Now think about how to write the essay using the sample plan given above.

 

 

 

 

 

The future

 

Find four phrases we can use to talk about a trend in the future instead of will.

 

1.

2.

3.

4.

 

It is better to use phrases like «is predicted to + verb», «is expected to + verb», «is forecasted to» instead of will. These are predictions, not statements of fact.

 

In the answer you read ‘From the bar chart that it is possible to see that the market has become much bigger since 2000, more than trebling in size to stand at around $28 billion dollars in 2015”.

 

Why have I used this tense? Mark the time period on the graph.

 

 

 

 

Referencing

 

It is very important to refer back to words already mentioned in previous sentences to make your text more cohesive (stick together) so that it remains logical. You don’t necessarily have to use linking words like ‘Furthermore’ to do this. Do the activity below to find how I have referenced ideas in the text.

 

Find what these words refer to in the model answer:

 

  1. It (Paragraph 1)

2.This growth           (Paragraph 2)

  1. Its (Paragraph 2)

4.. This trend           (Paragraph 3)

  1. These numbers (Paragraph 3)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Answer Key:

 

  1. The table shows data that is part of the bar graph

 

 

The future:

 

Is expected / predicted / set / forecasted to

 

 

Referencing:

 

  1. The growth of global markets
  2. Almost the whole of the first sentence
  3. the market
  4. the industrial sector has always been the largest sector
  5. with $2 billion and $5 billion

 

Data taken from:

 

http://www.theguardian.com/technology/2015/nov/05/robot-revolution-rise-machines-could-displace-third-of-uk-jobs

 

Downloadable version: Robotics Part 1 Final